Albert Einstein praised him in the 1931 foreword to an edition of Newton's Opticks. Other admirers include physicist Lord Rayleigh and Nobel laureate Philip Anderson
In 1830, Carl Friedrich Gauss, the German mathematician, unified the work of these two scientists to derive the Young–Laplace equation, the formula that describes the capillary pressure difference sustained across the interface between two static fluids.
He was chosen one of the eight foreign associates of the French Academy of Sciences.
He became secretary to the Board of Longitude and superintendent of the HM Nautical Almanac Office.
He was secretary of a commission charged with ascertaining the precise length of the second's or seconds pendulum (the length of a pendulum whose period is exactly 2 seconds).
He served on a committee appointed to consider the dangers involved in the general introduction of gas into London.
Young became physician to St. George's Hospital.
His lectures were published in the Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy and contain a number of anticipations of later theories.